Education for Children & Youth Experiencing Homelessness
The McKinney–Vento Homeless Education Assistance Act guarantees a free and appropriate public education for all homeless children and youth. B.E.C. 42 U.S.C. 11431 outlines procedures for deciding school placement, enrolling students, and determining responsibility. Federal and state laws make our responsibility clear. With the huge number of homeless children currently attending Philadelphia public schools, we must provide proper educational support and services.
McKinney-Vento Act Basics At-a-Glance
What is the definition of a “homeless youth” under McKinney-Vento? “Homeless” is defined as “anyone lacking a fixed, adequate, regular nighttime residence.”
What situations fit this definition?
Staying in the home of other people due to unavailable housing, financial hardship, or similar circumstances
Living in motels, hotels, trailer parks (in some instances – examples: leaking roof, no heat, etc.), public places, or campgrounds due to unavailable suitable housing options
Living in an emergency shelter or transitional housing
Unaccompanied (not living in direct care of legal parent or guardian) or runaway youth
Refugee and migrant youth
How does McKinney-Vento help these students?
The law makes sure that these students receive a free and suitable public education by removing barriers to school enrollment and full, basic, daily participation in school activities.
Immediate enrollment (pending space in specific grade level)
Free and Reduced School Lunch
Help from school with any necessary enrollment documents
Help from school setting up transportation service (if the student qualifies)
Help from school with getting basic uniform clothing
Help from school with basic school supplies
Help from school with any basic clothing needs
Help from school with basic high school graduation needs and expenses
Where can I find more information for Pennsylvania? You can visit the PA Education for Children and Youth Experiencing Homelessness site.
For more information, please contact CAP’s, McKinney Vento Liaison: